Climate / Climate Change

Profilbild Ulrichs
Faculty of Life Sciences
Albrecht Daniel Thaer-Institute of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences

Department of Crop and Animal Sciences, Urban Ecophysiology of Plants

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Expertise

Prof. Ulrichs is an expert in the field of ecophysiology of plants with a special focus on plants in urban spaces. His team studies processes, which determine plant growth, e.g. stress exposure in an urban environment. The emphasis of his research lies on the analysis of the secondary metabolite balance (incl. its nutritional function), substance allocation, competition and plant-insect interaction. Prof. Ulrichs other major field of expertise is the quality assurance in food supply chains of horticultural products, especially for perishable foodstuffs like fruits and vegetables in temperate zones as well as in tropical/subtropical regions.

Scientific Services
  • molecular methods
  • in-vitro propagation
  • HPLC
  • GC/MS
  • electroantennogram studies
  • trace gas analysis using photoacoustic spectroscopy
Testimonials
  • German specialty chemicals group: development of nanostructured plant protection agents
  • H. Lorberg Baumschulerzeugnisse GmbH & Co. KG (tree nursery): selection of climate-tolerant boulevard trees (Alleebaum)
  • Bein GmbH: development of electrostatic application processes of nanostructured elements
  • Bayer Crop Science: biosensors to prove the existence of plant viruses
  • XEROFLOR: development of vegetation carriers to prevent soil erosion in the Alps
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Profilbild Krutzik
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Department of Physics

Optical Metrology

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Expertise

As part of their scientific activity Dr Markus Krutzik and the team members of the.quantum.chapter have acquired an extensive amount of expertise in developing tailored quantum sensors - from key technology to subsystem and system level. Quantum optical sensors and optical clocks are used in high-precision inertial navigation, gravimetry and gradiometry or for the synchronisation of networks. Hence, they are central for navigating GPS-free environments, for geophysics, the exploration of natural resources, the monitoring of climate change, and for addressing fundamental questions of modern physics. Central to their research are compact and robust setups for optical spectrocopy, absolute frequency references, and ultra-cold atom based inertial sensors. For this purpose, the team developed lasers and optical systems for generation and manipulation of light, as well as control software and data management platforms. Their setups are not only operated in laboratory research: They are also used as in field or even in space. In addition to development, testing and operation of atomic quantum sensors, Dr Krutzik and the team gained expert knowledge in all stages of mission and system design, ranging from mission architecture and identification of requirements to system integration and qualification, as well as development of control concepts and data analysis. In addition to Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Dr Krutzik is also associated with Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik.

Scientific Services
  • Methods for the design, development and testing of compact, robust and tailored quantum sensors - from component to system level
  • Identification of critical technologies and construction of prototypes
  • Workshops and seminars
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Profilbild Patrick Hostert
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Department of Geography

Geomatics

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Expertise

Prof. Hostert’s explores cutting-edge satellite data analysis. His main focus lies on questions regarding the global change, particularly large-scale mapping in agrarian- and forestry systems and near-nature ecological systems worldwide. He analyses the change of the earth’s surface through different methods, for example with machine learning, big data, time series analyses, hyperspectral and multisensor approaches, as well as multiscale analyses. Regional expertise of the team covers Germany, the mediterranean areas and South America, as well as Central Asia.

Scientific Services
  • satellite data analysis
  • AI in remote sensing
Testimonials
  • large-scale remote sensing analysis with big data approaches (particularly Sentinel-2, Landsat), funded through projects of the BMWi, BMBF, BMEL, as well as the EU
  • scientific monitoring of satellite missions (Landsat Science Team, EnMAP ScientificAdvisory Group)
  • satellite based mapping and land use analysis for NGOs, authorities and global tech- and logistics companies
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Profilbild Schwalbe
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Department of Chemistry

Metalorganic Chemistry and Photochemistry

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Expertise

Dr Schwalbe and his group investigate the activation of small molecules at metal complexes. The main focus is not only research on electrocatalytic but also photocatalytic processes. With the help of renewable energy sources, and preferably the direct use of sunlight, formally unreactive molecules such as CO2, O2 or H2O should be transformed efficiently into valuable compounds. The syntheses of metal complexes is in fact in the foreground, but following the comprehensive chemical, structural and physical characterisation of the newly designed compounds their catalytic properties are especially explored. At the moment Dr Schwalbe is working in particular on the light-driven reduction of CO2 to CO or HCO2H, and in doing so he examines the influence of different reaction parameters (e.g. water content of the solvent, used photosensitizer or excitation wavelength) on the product selectivity. Furthermore the development of catalytic systems for homogeneous as well as heterogeneous water oxidation or oxygen reduction is pursued. For this, Dr Schwalbe considers on the one hand the fixation of molecular systems on electrode surfaces, and on the other hand the direct integration of monomeric building blocks in polymer networks. Within his research efforts he creates promising catalysts (and dyes) that can later be applied in e.g. fuel cells or photo-reactors.

Scientific Services
  • Apparatus for the characterization of organic and organometallic compounds (including NMR spectrometers, Maldi and ESI mass spectrometers, UV/Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy, gas chromatography and X-ray crystal structure analysis)
  • Techniques and equipment for working under inert conditions (e.g., "glovebox" technique)
  • Basic equipment for the determination of electrochemical properties of molecular systems
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Profilbild Schneider
© Falk Weiß
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Department of Geography

Climatology

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Expertise

The team of Christoph Schneider works on the impacts of climate and climate change in the field of urban climates and in the field of cryospheric sciences (anything related to snow and ice). His expertise comprises the downscaling of meteorological respectively climatological data for applications in high spatial resolution, for example for urban planning and construction schemes and also for the analysis of potential impacts of climate change on the level of city quarters and cities. Furthermore, such numerical and empirical-statistical procedures are applied to the projection of future water resources in glaciated catchments in high alpine environments worldwide. This also leads to applications regarding the future state of snow covers in mountain ranges which is especially important for questions of future prospects of snow sport tourism. In both fields of applications, the urban climatology and the cryospheric research, measurement strategies and data acquisition of relevant atmospheric variables for the projects are used besides theoretical modelling approaches and downscaling as outlined above.

Scientific Services
  • automatic weather stations
  • turbulence stations
  • devices for particulate matter and ultrafine particles
  • mobile sensoring techniques for meteorological parameters
  • measurement van as platform of mentioned instrumentation
Testimonials
  • Study of the potential and feasibility for large solar power plants on the Iberian Peninsula and in Northern Africa for a large German solar power panel  manufacturer (2005)
  • Study of the projections of impacts of climate change on snow sport in German low moutain ranges for the German Association of Skiing Clubs and the German Federal Secretary of Research and Education (2008)
  • Urban climate analysis for construction schemes for the City of Aachen (2006-2012)
  • Climate change adaptation plans for cities in North Rhine-Westphalia (2014, 2015)
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Profilbild Schmidt
Faculty of Life Sciences
Albrecht Daniel Thaer-Institute of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences

Department of Crop and Animal Sciences, Biosystems Engineering

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Company testimonials

G.F. Schreinzer Positronik, Steinbeis GmbH & Co. KG, Steinbeis GmbH & Co. KG, Pronova Analysentechnik GmbH & Co. KG, newtec Umwelt­technik GmbH

Expertise

Biosystems engineering works at the interface between engineering and biological production processes. Prof. Schmidt and his team develop engineering solutions for a sustainable agricultural production of crops and other environmental friendly technologies. Prof. Schmidt’s research thus leads to innovative plant farming methods in greenhouses, outdoors and other intensive crop farming systems. Alternative energy supply systems (low energy greenhouses) and closed material cycles for intensive crop farming (water hygiene, sensor systems and algorithms for fully automated nutrient solution supply in closed cycles) are Prof. Schmidt’s research area. His main activity herein is the development of sensors for gas analyses, climate measurement technology and that of software supporting decision making in automation systems. Moreover, the team also provides energetic assessments in complete production systems and parts thereof as well as process analyses.

Scientific Services
  • Experimental greenhouses with energy and material flow analytics, CO2 enrichment, artificial lights and fog systems
  • Plant monitors for continuous measurement of photosynthesis, transpiration, tissue temperature, stomatal conductance, climate measurement, gas analyses (Co2, ethylene), soil moisture sensors
  • Freely programmable automation system for climate and process control in greenhouses
Testimonials
  • G.F. Schreinzer Positronik, Steinbeis GmbH & Co. KG: Development of an automation system for greenhouses based on measurement details of plants (Phytocontrol)
  • Steinbeis GmbH & Co. KG: National collaborative research project „The Low Energy Greenhouse“ („Zukunftsinitiative Niederigenergiegewächshaus“, ZINEG)
  • Pronova Analysentechnik GmbH & Co. KG: Development of ionselective sensors for continuous recording of ion proportion in circulating nutrient solution systems; Development of measuring device to analyse phytometric reactions in plants
  • newtec Umwelt­technik GmbH: Development of re-circulating irrigation system with reduced phytosanitary risk in greenhouses
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Profilbild Härdle
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
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Expertise

Prof. Haerdle’s main research interests are quantitative finance, esp. multivariate methods in banking and finance, dimension reduction techniques, and computational statistics. In his roles both as coordinator of the Collaborative Research Center “Economic Risk” (CRC 649) and director of the interdisciplinary Center for Applied Statistics and Economics (C.A.S.E.) he primarily investigates economic risks on a global scale. Prof. Haerdle’s research aims at facilitating the evaluation of such risks and to reduce uncertainty to improve economic actors’ decision-making.
Prof. Haerdle is Distinguished Visiting Professor Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE) at Xiamen University, China, as well as director of the International Research Training Group “High Dimensional Non Stationary Time Series” (ITRG 1792). Among other distinctions he received the “Econometric Theory Multa Scripsit Award” in 2012.

Scientific Services
  • multivariate statistical analysis (factor analysis, cluster Analysis, etc.)
  • portfolio optimisation
  • risk management
  • hedging
  • pricing derivatives
  • functional data analysis
  • non- and semi-parametric methods
  • data visualisation
Testimonials
  • Ongoing cooperation with and lecturing for leading international financial institutions
  • Center for Applied Statistics and Economics (C.A.S.E.): interdisciplinary research centre with the goal to analyze and solve current complex economic problems and those arising in related fields with the help of quantitative methods and computing. Its research subjects range from weather risk, aging societies, crime to property markets
  • Collaborative Research Center “Economic Risk” (CRC 649): center of transdisciplinary research where insights from economics, mathematics and statistics converge to analyze economic risks and risk factors. The CRC offers an international platform for discussion of the latest research results and collaborations
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